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Tool 2

Stakeholder Analysis


Tools 2A-C: Stakeholder Analyses  

Defining who should be involved in the activities of the PAR groups and how is a key and complicated process to undertake. An important starting point is to be grounded in histories of work and supporting ongoing relationships. At the same time, we need to be sensitive to the existing relations of power among different actors. This means that we need to involve groups in ways that involve recognition of marginalised voices and perspectives. We recommend carrying out different forms of stakeholder analyses (see Tools 2A-C), which map out the various actors involved in the strategic ‘site of impact’ defined for your group's activities, and the power dynamics between them.  


Principles & Steps of Participatory Action Research (PAR) 

Tool 2: Stakeholder Analysis 

Further resources

Learning in PAR 

Alejandra Boni & Diana Velasco (Universitat Politècnica de València & INGENIO (CSIC-UPV))

Alejandra Boni is a professor at the Universitat Politècnica de València (Spain) and a deputy director of INGENIO (CSIC-UPV). She is an honorary
professor at the University of the Free State and adjunct professor at the Universidad de Ibagué. Her research interests focus on human development, higher education, global citizenship and transformative innovation. She is an active member of the Transformative Innovation Policy Consortium


Diana Velasco is a research fellow at INGENIO and an adjunct professor at the Universidad de Ibagué in Colombia with PhD in innovation studies from Edinburgh University; she is also an an active member of the Transformative Innovation Policy Consortium. Her research interests are human development, higher education and transformative innovation.

Related publications 

Boni, A and D. Velasco, 2019, Epistemic Capabilities and Epistemic Injustice: What is the Role of Higher Education in Fostering Epistemic Contributions of Marginalized Knowledge Producers?,  GLOBAL JUSTICE : THEORY PRACTICE RHETORIC (12/1) 2019


M. Walker and A. Boni (ed.) (2020), Participatory Research, Capabilities and Epistemic Justice. A transformative agenda for higher education, Palgrave McMillan, Springer, Switzerland. Chapters in author version available through ResearchGate.

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